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Download Ubuntu 14.10 Utopic Unicorn Final ISO / CD / DVD / x86_64 / 32-Bit

Hello,

This post will contain links for Downloading Ubuntu 14.10 Utopic Unicorn Final.

I always Prefer New Releases of Ubuntu and Instantly Install it for Experience the New World of Ubuntu, Ubuntu is very fast to recognize and Fix the Bugs so even if you install it very early you will get bug fixes very quickly and that’s the reason I switch to Ubuntu from Fedora as Fedora is very Lazy in releases as well as Bug fixes and Even Resource Hungry too.

Once you download and use this Ubuntu 14.10 Utopic Unicorn then please do not forget to post comments on your experience.

Ubuntu 14.10 Utopic Unicorn

Ubuntu 14.10 Utopic Unicorn


Now Ubuntu 14.10 Utopic Unicorn Final is now available for download.

Ubuntu 14.10 Utopic Unicorn Final ISO is available for Download in 32-Bit (i386 ) and X86_64 ( 64-Bit) Versions.

You can go through this link and Download Ubuntu 14.10 Utopic Unicorn Final :-

Download Ubuntu 14.10 Utopic Unicorn Final 32-Bit ( i386) :- http://releases.ubuntu.com/14.10/ubuntu-14.10-desktop-i386.iso

Download Ubuntu 14.10 Utopic Unicorn Final x86_64 ( 64-Bit) :- http://releases.ubuntu.com/14.10/ubuntu-14.10-desktop-amd64.iso

Download Ubuntu 14.10 Utopic Unicorn Final Server Edition 32-Bit ( i386) :- http://releases.ubuntu.com/14.10/ubuntu-14.10-server-i386.iso

Download Ubuntu 14.10 Utopic Unicorn Final Server Edition X86_64 ( 64-Bit) :- http://releases.ubuntu.com/14.10/ubuntu-14.10-server-amd64.iso

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ShellShock Bug: Check / Identify / Solve Vulnerability

Hello,

Patch your bash now Just heard that your shell / bash may be vulnerable or buggy.

This post will help you to check whether your Shell / bash of Red Hat Enterprise Linux is vulnerable / Bug infected or not.

How does this impact systems

This issue affects all products which use the Bash shell and parse values of environment variables. This issue is especially dangerous as there are many possible ways Bash can be called by an application. Quite often if an application executes another binary, Bash is invoked to accomplish this. Because of the pervasive use of the Bash shell, this issue is quite serious and should be treated as such.

All versions prior to those listed as updates for this issue are vulnerable to some degree.

See the appropriate remediation article for specifics.

The patch for CVE-2014-7169 introduces changes to how Bash evaluates environment variables. Applications which directly create Bash functions as environment variables need to be made aware of these changes. Previously, a function had to be stored in an environment variable of the same name. For example, the function “compute” would be stored in an environment variable named “compute”. With the patch for CVE-2014-7169 applied, it would need to use the name “BASH_FUNC_compute()”. As a result, there are now two pairs of parentheses in the environment string, as in “BASH_FUNC_compute()=() { }”.

Functions written in Bash itself do not need to be changed, even if they are exported with “export -f”. Bash will transparently apply the appropriate naming when exporting, and reverse the process when importing function definitions.

 

ShellShock

ShellShock

Execute following command to check whether your bash / shell is bug infected or vulnerable!

So, how do you know if your servers can be attacked? First, you need to check to see if you’re running a vulnerable version of Bash. To do that, run the following command from a Bash shell:

env x='() { :;}; echo vulnerable' bash -c "echo this is a test"

If you get the result:

vulnerable
this is a test

Bad news, your version of Bash can be hacked. If you see:

bash: warning: x: ignoring function definition attempt bash: error importing function definition for `x’ this is a test

You’re good. Well, to be more exact, you’re as protected as you can be at the moment.

OR

To test if your version of Bash is vulnerable to CVE-2014-6271, run the following command:

$ env 'x=() { :;}; echo vulnerable' 'BASH_FUNC_x()=() { :;}; echo vulnerable' bash -c "echo test"

If the output of the above command contains a line containing only the word vulnerable you are using a vulnerable version of Bash. The patch used to fix this issue ensures that no code is allowed after the end of a Bash function.

Note that different Bash versions will also print different warnings while executing the above command. The Bash versions without any fix produce the following output:

$ env 'x=() { :;}; echo vulnerable' 'BASH_FUNC_x()=() { :;}; echo vulnerable' bash -c "echo test"
vulnerable
bash: BASH_FUNC_x(): line 0: syntax error near unexpected token `)'
bash: BASH_FUNC_x(): line 0: `BASH_FUNC_x() () { :;}; echo vulnerable'
bash: error importing function definition for `BASH_FUNC_x'
test

The versions with only the original CVE-2014-6271 fix applied produce the following output:

$ env 'x=() { :;}; echo vulnerable' 'BASH_FUNC_x()=() { :;}; echo vulnerable' bash -c "echo test"
bash: warning: x: ignoring function definition attempt
bash: error importing function definition for `x'
bash: error importing function definition for `BASH_FUNC_x()'
test

Read more :- https://access.redhat.com/articles/1200223

Products Affected:

Product/Channel Fixed in package Remediation details
Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7 bash-4.2.45-5.el7_0.4 Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6 bash-4.1.2-15.el6_5.2 Red Hat Enterprise Linux
bash-4.1.2-15.el6_5.1.sjis.1 * Red Hat Enterprise Linux
bash-4.1.2-9.el6_2.1 * Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6.2 AUS
bash-4.1.2-15.el6_4.1 * Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6.4 EUS
Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5 bash-3.2-33.el5_11.4 Red Hat Enterprise Linux
bash-3.2-33.el5_11.1.sjis.1 * Red Hat Enterprise Linux
bash-3.2-24.el5_6.1 * Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5.6 LL
bash-3.2-32.el5_9.2 * Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5.9 EUS
Red Hat Enterprise Linux 4 bash-3.0-27.el4.2 * Red Hat Enterprise Linux 4 ELS

If you are using any other version of Linux, Check and Patch it now before its too late!!

References taken from :

https://access.redhat.com/announcements/1210053
https://access.redhat.com/security/cve/CVE-2014-6271
Resolution: https://access.redhat.com/node/1207723

Be Safe :) Be Secure :) Enjoy Linux :) Enjoy Open Source

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MySQL: Drop all tables from Database using Script / Linux

Hello,

Few days back, I got a task to do, Task was Keep the database as it is, So that we do not have to add database users, privileges and everything again and again, Just Drop all the databases tables inside the database. If there are only few tables like 5 or 10 than it is easy to do it manually, but what if you have the 100s or 1000s of tables inside database ?

I was in same situation, there were more than 500 tables and  I need to drop it quickly as it was production server, So for the same I managed to do it easily by using few command line parameters and loop, After that I have created script for the same which helps me to drop those tables very easily, You don’t have to worry about each and every table, It will keep database as it is but will drop all the tables from the selected database.

I am sharing that script and steps how to use that script, Would request you to test on non production environment first, Wherever you are executing this script its totally on your risk.

MySQL Script

MySQL Script

 

SUGGESTION: Take a Backup of your database / tables / MySQL Before executing Script, So if anything goes wrong you can also recover.

Steps to execute script :-

1. Download Script

tejas-barot@linux-ahmedabad:~$ wget tejasbarot.com/Scripts/dropall_mysql_tables.sh

2. Give executable permissions

tejas-barot@linux-ahmedabad:~$ chmod +x dropall_mysql_tables.sh

3. Now Let’s execute Script

tejas-barot@linux-ahmedabad:~$ ./dropall_mysql_tables.sh

4. Provide name of the MySQL database from which you want to drop all the tables.

Enter Database name:                         <—- Provide Database name here
Enter MySQL root Password:          
<—- Provide root password of MySQL Here

5. Script will take a Full database backup into /tmp, but I would request don’t depend on this, before executing script take backup.

6. That’s it wait for few minutes, It will drop all the tables from MySQL Database.

Enjoy MySQL :-) Enjoy Linux :) Enjoy Open Source :)

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RHEL 7 / CentOS 7 / Grub2 : Protect Single User Mode / Rescue / Emergency with Password

Hello All,

As we all know Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7 and CentOS 7 Linux is out now, Recently I have posted How to enter into Single User Mode / Rescue / Emergency Mode on RHEL 7 / CentOS 7.

This post is to Secure Single User Mode / Rescue Mode / Emergency mode on RHEL 7 / CentOS 7 in Grub2, By performing this Article you will able to secure your Grub2 Edits with Username and Password, It is always a good idea to protect your Grub2.

In This Howto, We will protect Grub2 with Encrypted Password and Plain Password.

To Follow this how to make sure you have root password to make changes in Grub2, Please make sure you are doing exact as per instructions and going through notes.

Do this on your own risk, You will be the only responsible if anything goes wrong in any case :)

 

CentOS7_Grub2

CentOS7_Grub2

 

Protect Grub2 with Plain Password Method

1. Login as a root user or user with rights to edit grub2 configuration file (sudo).

[tejas-barot@rhel-centos7-tejas-barot-linux ~]$ su -

2. Make a backup of existing grub.cfg and default /etc/grub.d/10_linux so if anything goes wrong we can always restore it.

[root@rhel-centos7-tejas-barot-linux ~]# cp /boot/grub2/grub.cfg /boot/grub2/grub.cfg.orig
[root@rhel-centos7-tejas-barot-linux ~]# cp /etc/grub.d/10_linux /etc/grub.d/10_linux.orig

3. Now, Adding Entries to protect Grub2 with username and password:

Note1: Replace Username and Password from below lines and Add below lines at last in file /etc/grub.d/10_linux

Note2: Make sure you don’t insert following entries multiple time.

[root@rhel-centos7-tejas-barot-linux ~]# vi /etc/grub.d/10_linux
cat << EOF
set superusers="tejasbarot" password tejasbarot alub@123
EOF

4. Now let us Generate New grub.cfg, Execute following command.

[root@rhel-centos7-tejas-barot-linux ~]# grub2-mkconfig --output=/tmp/grub2.cfg

5. Now Replace this New configured grub2.cfg with existing grub2.cfg

[root@rhel-centos7-tejas-barot-linux ~]# mv /boot/grub2/grub.cfg /boot/grub2/grub.cfg.move
[root@rhel-centos7-tejas-barot-linux ~]# mv /tmp/grub2.cfg /boot/grub2/grub.cfg

6. That’s It, Now You can reboot and Press “e” on Grub Menu, It will ask you for the password.

Protect Grub2 with Password Encrypted Method

1. Login as a root user or user with rights to edit grub2 configuration file (sudo).

[tejas-barot@rhel-centos7-tejas-barot-linux ~]$ su -

2. Make a backup of existing grub.cfg and default /etc/grub.d/10_linux so if anything goes wrong we can always restore it.

[root@rhel-centos7-tejas-barot-linux ~]# cp /boot/grub2/grub.cfg /boot/grub2/grub.cfg.orig
[root@rhel-centos7-tejas-barot-linux ~]# cp /etc/grub.d/10_linux /etc/grub.d/10_linux.orig

3. Let’s Generate Encrypted password with “grub2-mkpasswd-pbkdf2″, Once you will execute below command it will ask you for the password, Please enter password twice, It will generate password string which you need to add to 10_linux file. ( Shortened version of string, You will have to paste complete string )

[root@rhel-centos7-tejas-barot-linux ~]# grub2-mkpasswd-pbkdf2
Enter Password:
Reenter Password:
PBKDF2 hash of your password is grub.pbkdf2.sha512.10000.F1C4CFAA5A51EED123BE8238C23B25B2A6909AFC9812F0D45

4. Now, Adding Entries to protect Grub2 with username and password:

Note1: Replace Username and Password from below lines and Add below lines at last in file /etc/grub.d/10_linux

Note2: Make sure you don’t insert following entries multiple time.

Note3: Here I have added Short String for example, you will have to add full string to make it work.

[root@rhel-centos7-tejas-barot-linux ~]# vi /etc/grub.d/10_linux
cat << EOF
set superusers="tejasbarot" password_pbkdf2 tejasbarot grub.pbkdf2.sha512.10000.F1C4CFAA5A51EED123BE8238C23B25B2A6909AFC9812F0D45
EOF

5. Now let us Generate New grub.cfg, Execute following command.

[root@rhel-centos7-tejas-barot-linux ~]# grub2-mkconfig --output=/tmp/grub2.cfg

6. Now Replace this New configured grub2.cfg with existing grub2.cfg

[root@rhel-centos7-tejas-barot-linux ~]# mv /boot/grub2/grub.cfg /boot/grub2/grub.cfg.move
[root@rhel-centos7-tejas-barot-linux ~]# mv /tmp/grub2.cfg /boot/grub2/grub.cfg

7. That’s It, Now You can reboot and Press “e” on Grub Menu, It will ask you for the password.

Enjoy Protected Grub2 :) Enjoy CentOS 7 :) Enjoy RHEL 7 :) Enjoy Linux :) Enjoy Open Source :)

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[Solved] Skype 4.2.x Linux : Can’t Connect | Ubuntu 12.04 / Ubuntu 14.04 LTS

Hello All,

Today Morning, I started my Laptop and Logged in to My Ubuntu 14.04.1 LTS box and tried to Login in to Skype with same credentials, Skype thrown Error was “Can’t Connect”.

I managed to solve this error so sharing this error’s solution which might helps you.

This Error’s solution is very simple but very weird and complicated to find it out, I have find it out by just guessing the things.

skype 4.3 for Linux

skype 4.3 for Linux

I Just went to Skype’s Website and Checked that Latest Version was there so I gave it try and Updated New Version, After updating version of Skype, I am able to login successfully without any problem.

Get the Latest Version of Skype 4.3 For Linux from here http://www.skype.com/en/download-skype/skype-for-computer/

and Install it by using following Command :-

tejas-barot@skype-ubunt-14-04-lts:~$ sudo dpkg -i skype-xxx-xx.deb

I was using Skype’s Version 4.2.x for Linux, I have updated version to 4.3.0.37 and this solved my problem.

This is very simple Solution to the problem but very weird to find it out so Sharing with you guys.

Enjoy Skype Calls :) Enjoy Ubuntu :) Enjoy Linux :) Enjoy Open Source :)

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RHEL 7 / CentOS 7 : Single User Mode / Recovering / Reset Root Password

Hello,
Setting up the root password is a mandatory part of the Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7 / CentOS 7installation.
If you forget or lose your password, it is possible to reset it. Now it is known as Rescue Mode / Emergency mode in CentOS / RHEL 7, Previously in RHEL / CentOS 5/6 It was “Single User Mode”.
Note: In GRUB 2, resetting the password is no longer performed in single-user mode as it was in GRUB included in Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6. The root password is now required to operate in single-user mode as well as in emergency mode.
systemd_recover_root_password

systemd_recover_root_password

Process: Resetting the Root Password
  1. Please follow this procedure carefully, any mistake can make your system / Linux unstable, Perform this own your on risk.
    q
  2. Start the system and, on the GRUB 2 boot screen, press the e key for edit.
  3. Add the following parameter at the end of the linux line, or linuxefi on UEFI systems (In case of  VMWare like KVM or VirtualBox use rb.break instead of init=/bin/sh):
    init=/bin/sh
    The Linux kernel will run the /bin/sh shell rather than the system init daemon. Therefore, some functions may be limited or missing.

    Important

    The rhgb and quiet parameters must be disables in order to enable system messages.
  4. Press Ctrl+x to boot the system with the parameter.
    The shell prompt appears.
  5. The file system is mounted read-only. You will not be allowed to change the password if the file system is not writable.
    To remount the file system as writable, run the mount -o remount, rw / command.
  6. Run the passwd command and follow the instructions displayed on the command line to change the root password.
    Note that if the system is not writable, the passwd tool fails with the following error:
    Authentication token manipulation error
  7. To make sure that SELinux context of the files that were modified is restored properly after boot, run
    touch /.autorelabel
  8. Run the exec /sbin/init command to resume the initialization and finish the system boot.
    Running the exec command with another command specified replaces the shell and creates a new process; init in this case.
    Alternatively, if you wish to reboot the system, run the exec /sbin/reboot command instead.

Enjoy RHEL 7 :) Enjoy CentOS 7 :) Enjoy Linux :) Enjoy Open Source :)

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RHEL 7 / CentOS 7: How to get started with Firewalld

Hello All,

Today I was trying to learn and know about Systemd. I have found one of the great Article about firewalld, Sharing with you guys, It will help you to understand this biggest and major change in RHEL and CentOS 7.

This article is not mine, I found on internet and felt that this is wonderful Article so Sharing with you all, Thanks to Original author, Given credit to him at the end of article.

firewalld

firewalld

Presentation

Firewalld is the new userland interface in RHEL 7. It replaces the iptables interface and connects to the netfilter kernel code. It mainly improves the security rules management by allowing configuration changes without stopping the current connections.

To know if Firewalld is running, type:

# systemctl status firewalld
firewalld.service - firewalld - dynamic firewall daemon
   Loaded: loaded (/usr/lib/systemd/system/firewalld.service; enabled)
   Active: active (running) since Tue 2014-06-17 11:14:49 CEST; 5 days ago
   ...

or alternatively:

# firewall-cmd --state
running

Note: If Firewalld is not running, the command displays not running.

If you’ve got several network interfaces in IPv4, you will have to activate ip_forwarding.
To do that, paste the following line in the /etc/sysctl.conf file:

net.ipv4.ip_forward=1

Then, activate the configuration:

# sysctl -p

Although Firewalld is the RHEL 7 way to deal with firewalls and provides many improvements, iptables can still be used.

Zone management

Also, a new concept of zone appears : all network interfaces can be located in the same default zone or divided into different ones according to the levels of trust defined.

To get the default zone, type:

# firewall-cmd --get-default-zone
public

To get the list of zones where you’ve got network interfaces assigned to, type:

# firewall-cmd --get-active-zones
public
interfaces: eth0

To get the list of all the available zones, type:

# firewall-cmd --get-zones
block dmz drop external home internal public trusted work

To get all the details about the public zone, type:

# firewall-cmd --zone=public --list-all
public (default, active)
  interfaces: eth0
  sources: 
  services: dhcpv6-client ssh
  ports: 
  masquerade: no
  forward-ports: 
  icmp-blocks: 
  rich rules: 

To change the default zone to home permanently, type:

# firewall-cmd --set-default-zone=home
success

Network interfaces can be assigned to a zone in a temporary (until the next reboot or reload) or permanent way.

To assign the eth0 network interface temporary to the internal zone, type:

# firewall-cmd --zone=internal --change-interface=eth0
success

To assign the eth0 network interface permanently to the internal zone (a file called internal.xml is created in the /etc/firewalld/zones directory), type:

# firewall-cmd --permanent --zone=internal --change-interface=eth0
success

To know which zone is associated with the eth0 interface, type:

# firewall-cmd --get-zone-of-interface=eth0
internal

Service management

After assigning each network interface to a zone, it is now possible to add services to each zone.
To allow the http service permanently in the internal zone, type:

# firewall-cmd --permanent --zone=internal --add-service=http
success
# firewall-cmd --reload

Note1: Type –remove-service=http to deny the http service.
Note2: The firewall-cmd –reload command is necessary to activate the change. Contrary to the –complete-reload option, current connections are not stopped.

To get the list of services in the default zone, type:

# firewall-cmd --list-services
dhcpv6-client ssh

Note: To get the list of the services in a particular zone, add the –zone= option.

Service firewall configuration

With the Firewalld package, the firewall configuration of the main services (ftp, httpd, etc) comes in the /usr/lib/firewalld/services directory. But it is still possible to add new ones in the /etc/firewalld/services directory. Also, if files exist at both locations for the same service, the file in the /etc/firewalld/services directory takes precedence.

For example, it is the case of the HAProxy service. There is no firewall configuration associated.
Create the /etc/firewalld/services/haproxy.xml and paste the following lines:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<service>
 <short>HAProxy</short>
 <description>HAProxy load-balancer</description>
 <port protocol="tcp" port="80"/>
</service>

Assign the correct SELinux context and file permissions to the haproxy.xml file:

# cd /etc/firewalld/services
# restorecon haproxy.xml
# chmod 640 haproxy.xml

Add the HAProxy service to the default zone permanently and reload the firewall configuration:

# firewall-cmd --permanent --add-service=haproxy
# firewall-cmd --reload

Port management

Port management follows the same model as service management.

To allow the 443/tcp port temporary in the internal zone, type:

# firewall-cmd --zone=internal --add-port=443/tcp
success
# firewall-cmd --reload

Note: type –remove-port=443/tcp to deny the port.

To get the list of ports open in the internal zone, type:

# firewall-cmd --zone=internal --list-ports
443/tcp

Masquerading

If your firewall is your network gateway and you don’t want everybody to know your internal addresses, you can set up two zones, one called internal, the other external, and configure masquerading on the external zone. This way, all packets will get your firewall ip address as source address.

To set up masquerading on the external zone, type:

# firewall-cmd --zone=external --add-masquerade

Note1: To remove masquerading, use the –remove-masquerade option.
Note2: To know if masquerading is active in a zone, use the –query-masquerade option.

Port forwarding

In addition to the masquerading, you can want to use port forwarding.
If you want all packets intended for port 22 to be now forwarded to port 3753, type:

# firewall-cmd --zone=external --add-forward-port=port=22:proto=tcp:toport=3753

Note1: To remove port forwarding, use the –remove-forward-port option.
Note2: To know if port forwarding is active in a zone, use the –query-forward-port option.
Also, if you want to define the destination ip address, type:

# firewall-cmd --zone=external --add-forward-port=port=22:proto=tcp:toport=3753:toaddr=10.0.0.1

Direct rules

It is still possible to set specific rules by using the direct mode (here to open the tcp port 9000) that by-passes the Firewalld interface:

# firewall-cmd --direct --add-rule ipv4 filter INPUT 0 -p tcp --dport 9000 -j ACCEPT
success
# firewall-cmd --reload

Note: This last example has been borrowed from Khosro Taraghi’s blog.

To display all the direct rules added, type:

# firewall-cmd --direct --get-all-rules

In addition, you can read this very good article about Firewalld by Sander van Vugt.

Thanks to Original Author for explaining it very nicely.

Source : http://www.certdepot.net/rhel7-get-started-firewalld/

Enjoy Firewalld :) Enjoy Systemd :) Enjoy RHEL 7 :) Enjoy CentOS 7 :) Enjoy Open Source :)

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RHEL 7 / CentOS 7 : Disable Firewalld and use iptables

Hello,

Just installed CentOS 7 on my Virtual machine and realized that, Firewalld is bit complicated as I am using iptables firewall from many years. So decided not to use firewalld at least as of now and wanted to continue with iptables commands as I was using in RHEL / CentOS 5 and 6.

I thought iptables will not be there and I will have to deal with firewalld but a little small trick in RHEL7 takes me to the solution which I wanted and I found that I can still use the iptables by disabling firewalld service.

So, If you are in same condition as mine and you want to use iptables on CentOS / RHEL 7 instead of firewalld, Please follow this howto.

Firewall

Firewall

As we all know that, CentOS / RHEL 7 both are completely systemd based, So We will have to use few systemd related commands to disable firewalld and enable iptables service.

1. Disable Firewalld Service.

[root@rhel-centos7-tejas-barot-linux ~]# systemctl mask firewalld

2. Stop Firewalld Service.

[root@rhel-centos7-tejas-barot-linux ~]# systemctl stop firewalld

3. Install iptables service related packages.

[root@rhel-centos7-tejas-barot-linux ~]# yum -y install iptables-services

4. Make sure service starts at boot:

[root@rhel-centos7-tejas-barot-linux ~]# systemctl enable iptables

# If you do not want ip6tables, You can skip following command.

[root@rhel-centos7-tejas-barot-linux ~]# systemctl enable ip6tables

5. Now, Finally Let’s start the iptables services.

[root@rhel-centos7-tejas-barot-linux ~]# systemctl start iptables

# If you do not want ip6tables, You can skip following command.

[root@rhel-centos7-tejas-barot-linux ~]# systemctl start ip6tables

Firewalld Service is now disabled and stop, You can use iptables.

Now, You will be able to use iptables as your firewall, You can add / remove rules as you were doing in previous releases of Red Hat / CentOS 5 and 6, You can configure firewall with iptables in same manner as previous.

Enjoy Linux :) Enjoy Firewall :) Enjoy iptables :) Enjoy ip6tables :) Enjoy FirewallD :) Enjoy CentOS 7 :) Enjoy RHEL 7 :) Enjoy Open Source

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