Download Fedora 24 Final CD / DVD / ISO / 32-Bit / x86_64

Hello,

Fedora 24 released today and now available for download, You can download using following Links.

Fedora 24 Download

Download Fedora 24 Workstation 64-Bit Live Image (x86_64): https://download.fedoraproject.org/pub/fedora/linux/releases/24/Workstation/x86_64/iso/Fedora-Workstation-Live-x86_64-24-1.2.iso

Download Fedora 24 Workstation 32-Bit Live Image (i386): https://download.fedoraproject.org/pub/fedora/linux/releases/24/Workstation/i386/iso/Fedora-Workstation-Live-i386-24-1.2.iso

Download Fedora 24 Server 64-Bit Installation Image (x86_64): https://download.fedoraproject.org/pub/fedora/linux/releases/24/Server/x86_64/iso/Fedora-Server-dvd-x86_64-24-1.2.iso

Download Fedora 24 Cloud Images : https://getfedora.org/en/cloud/download/

For Docker containers and other flavors, Visit : https://getfedora.org/

Download Fedora 22 Final CD / DVD / ISO / 32-Bit / x86_64

Hello,

Fedora 22 released few days back and now available for download, Sorry for delay in posting of download links, You can download using following Links.

Note: Fedora 22 will be using now DNF instead of YUMYUM IS DEAD !

Fedora 22 Download
Fedora 22 Download

Download Fedora 22 Workstation 64-Bit Live Image (x86_64): http://download.fedoraproject.org/pub/fedora/linux/releases/22/Workstation/x86_64/iso/Fedora-Live-Workstation-x86_64-22-3.iso

Download Fedora 22 Workstation 32-Bit Live Image (i386): http://download.fedoraproject.org/pub/fedora/linux/releases/22/Workstation/i386/iso/Fedora-Live-Workstation-i686-22-3.iso

Download Fedora 22 Server 64-Bit Installation Image (x86_64): http://download.fedoraproject.org/pub/fedora/linux/releases/22/Server/x86_64/iso/Fedora-Server-DVD-x86_64-22.iso

Download Fedora 22 Server 32-Bit Installation Image (x86_64): http://download.fedoraproject.org/pub/fedora/linux/releases/22/Server/i386/iso/Fedora-Server-DVD-i386-22.iso

Download Fedora 22 Cloud Images : https://getfedora.org/en/cloud/download/

Download Ubuntu 15.04 Vivid Vervet Final ISO / CD / DVD / x86_64 / 32-Bit

 

ubuntu-common

Images can be downloaded from a location near you.

You can download ISOs from:

http://releases.ubuntu.com/15.04/ (Ubuntu Desktop, Server, and Snappy Core)
http://cloud-images.ubuntu.com/releases/15.04/release/ (Ubuntu Cloud Server)
http://cdimage.ubuntu.com/netboot/15.04/ (Ubuntu Netboot)

http://cdimage.ubuntu.com/kubuntu/releases/15.04/release/ (Kubuntu)
http://cdimage.ubuntu.com/lubuntu/releases/15.04/release/ (Lubuntu)
http://cdimage.ubuntu.com/ubuntustudio/releases/15.04/release/ (Ubuntu Studio)
http://cdimage.ubuntu.com/ubuntu-gnome/releases/15.04/release/ (Ubuntu GNOME)
http://cdimage.ubuntu.com/ubuntukylin/releases/15.04/release/ (Ubuntu Kylin)
http://cdimage.ubuntu.com/ubuntu-mate/releases/15.04/release/ (Ubuntu MATE)
http://cdimage.ubuntu.com/xubuntu/releases/15.04/release/ (Xubuntu)

Enjoy Ubuntu 15.04 🙂 Enjoy Linux 🙂 Enjoy Open Source 🙂

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Download Fedora 21 Final CD / DVD / ISO / 32-Bit / x86_64

Hello All,

This Fedora 21 is nameless it means No Codename given, New Version of Fedora took too long, After 20 its almost a year when Fedora is releasing New Version that is Fedora 21.

Fedora 21 Final now released and Available for Download, This Post contains links from where you can download Fedora 21.

Fedora Lovers excited about this release and for them I am posting Links which can helps you to download Fedora 21 Final Easily.

Download Fedora 21 Final Beta
Download Fedora 21 Final

Download Fedora 21 Final from links below :-

Download Fedora 21 Final Server ISO for 32-Bit ( i686 ) Hardware Click on this Link:-
http://download.fedoraproject.org/pub/fedora/linux/releases/21/Server/i386/iso/Fedora-Server-DVD-i386-21.iso

Download Fedora 21 Final Server ISO for 64-Bit ( i686 ) Hardware Click on this Link:-
http://download.fedoraproject.org/pub/fedora/linux/releases/21/Server/x86_64/iso/Fedora-Server-DVD-x86_64-21.iso

Download Fedora 21 Final Workstation CD ISO for 32-Bit ( i686 ) Hardware Click on this Link :-
http://download.fedoraproject.org/pub/fedora/linux/releases/21/Workstation/i386/iso/Fedora-Live-Workstation-i686-21-5.iso

 

Download Fedora 21 Final Workstation CD ISO for 64-Bit ( x86_64 ) Hardware Click on this Links :-
http://download.fedoraproject.org/pub/fedora/linux/releases/21/Workstation/x86_64/iso/Fedora-Live-Workstation-x86_64-21-5.iso

Download Fedora 21 Final Cloud Images :- https://getfedora.org/en/cloud/download/

More Spins You can Download at :- https://spins.fedoraproject.org/

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Enjoy Fedora 21  :) Enjoy Linux :) Enjoy Open Source :)

RHEL 7 / CentOS 7 : How to get started with Systemd

Hello All,

Today I was trying to learn and know about Systemd. I have found one of the great Article, Sharing with you guys, It will help you to understand this biggest and major change in RHEL and CentOS 7.

This article is not mine, I found on internet and felt that this is wonderful Article so Sharing with you all, Thanks to Original author, Given credit to him at the end of article.

 

RHEL / CentOS systemD
RHEL / CentOS systemD

Presentation

As the Systemd now replaces SysVinit, it is time to get familiar with it and learn new commands.
Systemd is quicker because it uses fewer scripts and tries to run more tasks in parallel (Systemd calls them units).
The Systemd configuration is stored in the /etc/systemd directory.

Boot process

Systemd primary task is to manage the boot process and provides informations about it.
To get the boot process duration, type:

# systemd-analyze
Startup finished in 422ms (kernel) + 2.722s (initrd) + 9.674s (userspace) = 12.820s

To get the time spent by each task during the boot process, type:

# systemd-analyze blame
7.029s network.service
2.241s plymouth-start.service
1.293s kdump.service
1.156s plymouth-quit-wait.service
1.048s firewalld.service
632ms postfix.service
621ms tuned.service
460ms iprupdate.service
446ms iprinit.service
344ms accounts-daemon.service
...
7ms systemd-update-utmp-runlevel.service
5ms systemd-random-seed.service
5ms sys-kernel-config.mount

Note: You will find additional information on this point in the Lennart Poettering’s blog.

Journal analysis

In addition, Systemd handles the system event log, a syslog daemon is not mandatory any more.
To get the content of the Systemd journal, type:

# journalctl

To get all the events related to the crond process in the journal, type:

# journalctl /sbin/crond

Note: You can replace /sbin/crond by `which crond`.

To get all the events since the last boot, type:

# journalctl -b

To get all the events that appeared today in the journal, type:

# journalctl --since=today

To get all the events with a syslog priority of err, type:

# journalctl -p err

To get the 10 last events and wait for any new one (like “tail -f /var/Log/messages”), type:

# journalctl -f

Note: You will find additional information on this point in the Lennart Poettering’s blog or Lennart Poettering’s video (44min: the first ten minutes are very interesting concerning security issues).

Control groups

Systemd organizes tasks in control groups. For example, all the processes started by an apache webserver will be in the same control group, CGI scripts included.

To get the full hierarchy of control groups, type:

# systemd-cgls
├─user.slice
│ └─user-1000.slice
│ └─session-1.scope
│ ├─2889 gdm-session-worker [pam/gdm-password]
│ ├─2899 /usr/bin/gnome-keyring-daemon --daemonize --login
│ ├─2901 gnome-session --session gnome-classic
. .
└─iprupdate.service
└─785 /sbin/iprupdate --daemon

To get the list of control group ordered by CPU, memory and disk I/O load, type:

# systemd-cgtop
Path Tasks %CPU Memory Input/s Output/s
/ 213 3.9 829.7M - -
/system.slice 1 - - - -
/system.slice/ModemManager.service 1 - - - -

To kill all the processes associated with an apache server (CGI scripts included), type:

# systemctl kill httpd

To put resource limits on a service (here 500 CPUShares), type:

# systemctl set-property httpd.service CPUShares=500

Note1: The change is written into the service unit file. Use the –runtime option to avoid this behavior.
Note2: By default, each service owns 1024 CPUShares. Nothing prevents you from giving a value smaller or bigger.

To get the current CPUShares service value, type:

# systemctl show -p CPUShares httpd.service

Sources: New control group interface, Systemd 205 announcement.

Service management

Systemd deals with all the aspects of the service management. The systemctl command replaces the chkconfig and the service commands. The old commands are now a link to the systemctl command.

To activate the NTP service at boot, type:

# systemctl enable ntpd

Note1: You should specify ntpd.service but by default the .service suffix will be added.
Note2: If you specify a path, the .mount suffix will be added.
Note3: If you mention a device, the .device suffix will be added.

To deactivate it, start it, stop it, restart it, reload it, type:

# systemctl disable ntpd
# systemctl start ntpd
# systemctl stop ntpd
# systemctl restart ntpd
# systemctl reload ntpd

To know if the NTP service is activated at boot, type:

# systemctl is-enabled ntpd
enabled

To know if the NTP service is running, type:

# systemctl is-active ntpd
inactive

To get the status of the NTP service, type:

# systemctl status ntpd
ntpd.service
   Loaded: not-found (Reason: No such file or directory)
   Active: inactive (dead)

If you change a service configuration, you will need to reload it:

# systemctl daemon-reload

To get the list of all the units (services, mount points, devices) with their status and description, type:

# systemctl

To get a more readable list, type:

# systemctl list-unit-files

To get the list of services that failed at boot, type:

# systemctl --failed

To get the status of a process (here httpd) on a remote server (here rhel7.example.com), type:

# systemctl -H root@rhel7.example.com status httpd.service

Run levels

Systemd also deals with run levels. As everything is represented by files in Systemd, target files replace run levels.

To move to single user mode, type:

# systemctl rescue

To move to the level 3 (equivalent to the previous level 3), type:

# systemctl isolate runlevel3.target

Or:

# systemctl isolate multi-user.target

To move to the graphical level (equivalent to the previous level 5), type:

# systemctl isolate graphical.target

To set the default run level to non-graphical mode, type:

# systemctl set-default multi-user.target

To set the default run level to graphical mode, type:

# systemctl set-default graphical.target

To get the current default run level, type:

# systemctl get-default
graphical.target

To stop a server, type:

# systemctl poweroff

Note: You can still use the poweroff command, a link to the systemctl command has been created (the same thing is true for the halt and reboot commands).

To reboot a server, suspend it or put it into hibernation, type:

# systemctl reboot
# systemctl suspend
# systemctl hibernate

Linux standardization

Systemd‘s authors have decided to help Linux standardization among distributions. Through Systemd, changes happen in the localization of some configuration files.

Miscellaneous

To get the server hostnames, type:

# hostnamectl
Static hostname: rhel7.example.com
Icon name: computer-laptop
Chassis: laptop
Machine ID: bcdc71f1943f4d859aa37e54a422938d
Boot ID: f84556924b4e4bbf9c4a82fef4ac26d0
Operating System: Red Hat Enterprise Linux Everything 7.0 (Maipo)
CPE OS Name: cpe:/o:redhat:enterprise_linux:7.0:beta:everything
Kernel: Linux 3.10.0-54.0.1.el7.x86_64
Architecture: x86_64

Note: There are three kinds of hostnames: static, pretty, and transient.
“The static host name is the traditional hostname, which can be chosen by the user, and is stored in the /etc/hostname file. The “transient” hostname is a dynamic host name maintained by the kernel. It is initialized to the static host name by default, whose value defaults to “localhost”. It can be changed by DHCP or mDNS at runtime. The pretty hostname is a free-form UTF8 host name for presentation to the user.” Source: RHEL 7 Networking Guide.

To assign the rhel7 hostname permanently to the server, type:

# hostnamectl set-hostname rhel7

Note: With this syntax all three hostnames (static, pretty, and transient) take the rhel7 value at the same time. However, it is possible to set the three hostnames separately by using the –pretty, –static, and –transient options.

To get the current locale, virtual console keymap and X11 layout, type:

# localectl
System Locale: LANG=en_US.UTF-8
VC Keymap: en_US
X11 Layout: en_US

To assign the en_GB.utf8 value to the locale, type:

# localectl set-locale LANG=en_GB.utf8

To assign the en_GB value to the virtual console keymap, type:

# localectl set-keymap en_GB

To assign the en_GB value to the X11 layout, type:

# localectl set-x11-keymap en_GB

To get the current date and time, type:

# timedatectl
Local time: Fri 2014-01-24 22:34:05 CET
Universal time: Fri 2014-01-24 21:34:05 UTC
RTC time: Fri 2014-01-24 21:34:05
Timezone: Europe/Madrid (CET, +0100)
NTP enabled: yes
NTP synchronized: yes
RTC in local TZ: no
DST active: no
Last DST change: DST ended at
Sun 2013-10-27 02:59:59 CEST
Sun 2013-10-27 02:00:00 CET
Next DST change: DST begins (the clock jumps one hour forward) at
Sun 2014-03-30 01:59:59 CET
Sun 2014-03-30 03:00:00 CEST

To set the current date, type:

# timedatectl set-time YYYY-MM-DD

To set the current time, type:

# timedatectl set-time HH:MM:SS

To get the list of time zones, type:

# timedatectl list-timezones

To change the time zone to America/New_York, type:

# timedatectl set-timezone America/New_York

To get the users’ list, type:

# loginctl list-users
UID USER
42 gdm
1000 tom
0 root

To get the list of all current user sessions, type:

# loginctl list-sessions
SESSION UID USER SEAT
1 1000 tom seat0

1 sessions listed.

To get the properties of the user tom, type:

# loginctl show-user tom
UID=1000
GID=1000
Name=tom
Timestamp=Fri 2014-01-24 21:53:43 CET
TimestampMonotonic=160754102
RuntimePath=/run/user/1000
Slice=user-1000.slice
Display=1
State=active
Sessions=1
IdleHint=no
IdleSinceHint=0
IdleSinceHintMonotonic=0

For a better understanding, you can additionally read Bob Cromwell’s blog about Systemd.

Thanks to Original Author for explaining it very nicely.

Source : http://www.certdepot.net/rhel7-get-started-systemd/

Enjoy Systemd 🙂 Enjoy RHEL 7 🙂 Enjoy CentOS 7 🙂 Enjoy

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Download CentOS 7 ISO / DVD / x86_64 / i386 / 32-Bit / 64-Bit

Hello,

NOTE: Sorry for misleading title, There jo 32-Bit version available for CentOS 7!

Hello and welcome to the first CentOS-7 release. CentOS is an Enterprise-class Linux Distribution derived from sources freely provided to the public by Red Hat1.

CentOS conforms fully with Red Hat’s redistribution policy and aims to have full functional compatibility with the upstream product. CentOS mainly changes packages to remove Red Hat’s branding and artwork.

We have decided not to follow Red Hat’s usage of Installation Codes. All ‘channels’ are available to the System Administrator at time of installation.

CentOS
CentOS

For the first time, there is a supported upgrade path from CentOS-6 to CentOS-7. This path is only supported from the latest version of CentOS-6 (being 6.5 at the time of writing) to the latest version of CentOS-7. For more information on the upgrade procedure please take a look at this page. The tools needed for this functionality are still being tested and will be released at a later time. If you can help with the testing, please see this CentOS-Devel mailing list thread.

Link to Download CentOS 7 :- http://www.centos.org/download/

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Download Ubuntu 14.04 LTS Trusty Tahr ISO / CD / DVD / x86_64 / 32-Bit / MAC

Hello,

This post will contain links for Downloading Ubuntu 14.04 LTS Trusty Tahr Final.

Links of Final Version of Ubuntu 14.04 LTS Trusty Tahr is updated in this post.

I always Prefer New Releases of Ubuntu and Instantly Install it for Experience the New World of Ubuntu, Ubuntu is very fast to recognize and Fix the Bugs so even if you install it very early you will get bug fixes very quickly and that’s the reason I switch to Ubuntu from Fedora as Fedora is very Lazy in releases as well as Bug fixes and Even Resource Hungry too.

Once you download and use this Ubuntu 14.04 LTS Trusty Tahr then please do not forget to post comments on your experience.

Ubuntu 14.04 LTS
Ubuntu 14.04 LTS

 

Now Ubuntu 14.04 LTS Trusty Tahr is now available to download in Final.

Ubuntu 14.04 LTS Final ISO is available for Download in 32-Bit (i386 ) and X86_64 ( 64-Bit) Versions.

You can go through this link and Download Ubuntu 14.04 LTS Trusty Tahr Final  :-

Download Ubuntu 14.04 LTS Trusty Tahr 32-Bit ( i386) :- http://releases.ubuntu.com/14.04/ubuntu-14.04-desktop-i386.iso

Download Ubuntu 14.04 LTS Trusty Tahr x86_64 ( 64-Bit) :- http://releases.ubuntu.com/14.04/ubuntu-14.04-desktop-amd64.iso

Download Ubuntu 14.04 LTS Trusty Tahr Server Edition 32-Bit ( i386) :- http://releases.ubuntu.com/14.04/ubuntu-14.04-server-i386.iso

Download Ubuntu 14.04 LTS Trusty Tahr Server Edition X86_64 ( 64-Bit) :- http://releases.ubuntu.com/14.04/ubuntu-14.04-server-amd64.iso

Download Ubuntu 14.04 LTS Trusty Tahr For Mac Desktop :- http://releases.ubuntu.com/14.04/ubuntu-14.04-desktop-amd64+mac.iso

Download Ubuntu 14.04 LTS Trusty Tahr For Mac Servers :- http://releases.ubuntu.com/14.04/ubuntu-14.04-server-amd64+mac.iso

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Enjoy Ubuntu 14.04 LTSTrusty Tahr    Enjoy Linux   Enjoy Open Source