Linux TOP command explained

Dear all,

Following article is basic and It is very Important to Understand for the people who working on Linux.

I have gone through the Article and Found it very useful and very informative, So posting here with Original link Mentioned below.

You can check the Video at the End.

Thanks to the Original author for writing so Beautifully.

Top Command

Top command options:

Line1: Gives System present time, up time of the machine, number of users logged in, Load average on system at 1, 5, 15 min interval. Please ignore the values which I mention in the video, which mention load average as 5,10 and 15mins.

Line2: Gives total number of process on the machine, number of running process, number of sleeping process, number of stopped process, number of Zombie process.

Line3: Gives you CPU details

Line4 &  5: Gives RAM and SWAP details.

Line6: To execute top command shortcuts(See below for the list of top command shortcuts ).

From Line7: dynamically displayed top process results.

 top commands shortcuts:

Note: Press below shortcuts at the time of running top command.

l –To display or to hide load average line
t –To display or to hide task/cpu line
1 –To display or hide all other CPU’s
m –to display or to hide RAM and SWAP details
s –To change the time interval for updating top results(value is in sec’s)
R –To sort by PID number
u — Press u then username to get only that user process details
P –To sort by CPU utilization
M –To sort by RAM utilization
c –To display or hide command full path
r –To renice a process, press r then the PID no then the renice value to renice a process.
k –To kill a process, press k then PID number then enter to kill a process
w –To save the modified configuration permanently.
q –To quit the top command.
h –for getting help on top command

Watch the Video :-

Original Link :-

Hope this will helps you all, If you face any issue regarding the same or its not working for your some how then please raise your questions / issues then comment down below.

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Enjoy the System Monitoring 🙂 Enjoy the Linux 🙂 Enjoy the Open Source 🙂

Add / Show Day / Date on Ubuntu Panel | Ubuntu 12.10 | Ubuntu 12.04


I am using Ubuntu 12.10 Quantal Quetzal, Just installed few days back and it not seems up to the mark, But Not bad too, Its going good.

In Ubuntu 12.04 Precise Pangolin LTS and Ubuntu 12.10 Quantal Quetzal I am using Gnome Fallback as my Display Card is no compatible with Laptop which i am using.

On Gnome Fallback Panel Clock is there but there is not an option to Show Day and Date on Panel, So This how to for the same to Get it done.

By Following this method you will able to see Day and Date on Ubuntu 12.10 and Ubuntu 12.04 Panel.

1. First you have to Login as a root or you need sudo privilege to install package. Please execute following command :-

root@tejas-barot-linux-ahmedabad:~#sudo apt-get install -y dconf-tools

2. Now Execute Following command to open “dconf-editor”

root@tejas-barot-linux-ahmedabad:~# sudo dconf-editor

3. In DConf-Editor, Navigate to com => canonical => indicator => datetime

4. Click on show-day and show-date checkboxes. Attached Screenshot for Reference.

Day Date on Ubuntu Panel
Check Boxes to Check for Date and Day

5. Close dconf-editor. No need to restart System or any service.

That’s It. You are done. Now You will able to see Date and Day at Indicator on Ubuntu Panel.

If this works for your then Please Click Google +1 Button and Show Your Support. Your Support will encourage me to write more articles.

Enjoy Ubuntu 🙂 Enjoy Linux 🙂 Enjoy Open Source 🙂

SEO: How to update/verify your Technorati Claim Token | WordPress

Hello Guys,

I think this is not going to be useful for Linux or Open Source Users. So Sorry to those registered users who only register their self for Linux and Open Source Purpose. This going to be useful for SEO and Blog Writers who wants to add their blogs to technorati. But Yes sure it is good informative for all Users you can look at at least once.

Today I was looking to add my blog to technorati, So I have registered to technorati and My Blog was waiting for approval because of claim token approval.  It is very easy to add your token for wordpress don’t know for other blogs.

Right Now, Technorati is very famous for Bloggers and Blogs. It helps lots for SEO Purpose ( Search Engine Optimization).

So Follow below how to to add your claim token for technorati to add your WordPress blog.

1) First Make sure you know your RSS Feed Link.

2) Open your Mail ID and copy the token mentioned in your e-Mail.

3) Open wordpress DASHBOARD.

4) Expand Posts Selection -> Click on Add New -> then As Post title you can give anything. (i.e. Technorati Token)

5) In Body Section Just Paste your Techorati Token which you have got through e-Mail. and Publish post.

6) Now go to Technorati Profile Selection. At Bottom you will find Check Claim, Click on that. So If All goes right then just wait for few minutes and you will get message something like this “We have successfully crawled your blog and found the claim token, and your claim is now awaiting review.

Note :- Once your blog get updated on Technorati then you can delete this published post with Technorati Token Code.

My Technorati Claim Token :-  JPSG9RB46GU5

That’s It.

Enjoy Blog 🙂 Enjoy Blogs at Technorati 🙂 Enjoy Linux 🙂 Enjoy Open Source 🙂